Travel

Know about Bali Geography

7/05/2018 Dhanur Chauhan 0 Comments

The island of Bali Geography lies 3.2 km east of Java, and it is about 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are divided from the Bali Strait. East to the west, the island is about 153 km wide and spans approximately 112 km north to south, its land area is 5, 632 kilometers ². Bali's central hills include several peaks over 3, 000 meters in elevation.

The highest is Mount Agung, known as the mountain of the mother, which is an active volcano. Mountains vary from center to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak.

Bali's volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility, and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the extremely productive agriculture sector. South of the hills is a large, continuously decreasing area where most of Bali's large rice crop is grown.

The north side of the mountain steeply bends to the sea and also is the most important coffee producing region of the island, along with rice, veggies, and cows. The longest river, the Ayung River, flows about 75 km. Coral reefs encompass the island. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have sand.

Bali has no major waterways, even though the Ho River is navigable by small sampan ships. Black sand beaches between Pasut and Klatingdukuh are being developed for tourism, but apart from the seaside temple of Tanah Lot, they aren't still used for important tourism.

The biggest city is the provincial capital, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 491, 500. Bali's second biggest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, that is situated at the north shore and is home to about 100, 000 individuals. Other major cities include the beach resort, Kuta, that is practically part of Denpasar's metropolitan area, and Ubud, located in the north of Denpasar, is the island's cultural center.

Three little islands lie in the immediate southeast, and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. These islands are separated from Bali from the Badung Strait. In the east, the Lombok Strait divides Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the different forests of Australasia.

The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russel Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between both of these large biomes. When sea levels dropped throughout the Pleistocene ice age, Bali has been connected to Java and Sumatra and also to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian forests, but the dense water of the Lombok Strait continued to maintain Lombok and the Small Sundsky archipelago isolated.