Health care

Orthopaedic Surgeons: What They Do

8/09/2018 Lokesh kumar 0 Comments

Are you suffering from back pain, stiff neck pain, stiff elbow or shoulder muscles, stiff knees, arthritic hips, and sports injuries? These are only a few musculoskeletal problems that increasingly impacting the people’s general health today.For proper musculoskeletal diagnosis and ailment, it is always preferred to discuss with an orthopaedic surgeon.

Who is an orthopaedic surgeon?

An orthopaedic surgeon is a specialist who is adequately educated and trained to diagnose and treat the injuries and disease of musculoskeletal system at different phases, for example, preoperative treatment, operative treatment, and postoperative treatment wherever and whenever necessary according to the need of the patient.

What does the orthopaedic surgeon treat?

The area of treatment covered by the orthopaedic surgeons is widely spread on different factors that affect the bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles, and nerves. The factors comprise the following:

  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Muscle, tendon, and ligament damage
  • Fractures, strains, and sprains
  • Dislocations
  • Clubfoot, bow legs, knock knees, hammertoes, and bunions
  • Bone tumors
  • Spine disorders (e.g., scoliosis, sciatica, and ruptured disc)
  • Cerebral palsy

Orthopaedic surgeons may choose general orthopaedic surgery for practice or can choose any of the following areas as a specialization:

  • Reconstructive Surgery
  • Shoulder and Elbows
  • Rehabilitation
  • Joint Replacement
  • Foot and Ankle
  • Arthroscopy
  • Hand
  • Pediatric
  • Sports Medicine
  • Spine
  • Musculoskeletal Oncology
  • Trauma and Fractures

What surgeries are performed by the orthopaedic surgeons?

Various types of surgeries are performed by the orthopaedic surgeons in the area of orthopaedic treatment and some common surgeries are:

  • Internal Fixation — this surgery is performed to fix the broken pieces of bone at the appropriate place with a metal plate, screws or pins for stabilizing and healing of the bone.
  • Fusion — a welding process is performed in this surgery to join the bones together with the help of bone grafts and devices like metal rods that can function as a single solid bone. It is generally done to treat the following spine problems:

    • Broken Vertebrae — when the broken vertebrae create instability in the spinal column, the spinal fusion surgery is needed to treat the problem.
    • Rectify Deformities of the Spine — in case of scoliosis (a sideways curvature of the spine) and Kyphosis (the upper spine rounded abnormally), to rectify the deformities such type of surgical help is required.
    • Spondylolisthesis— when one vertebrae slip forward and onto the vertebrae below it, severe back pain may cause or nerve crowding may produce leg pain or numbness, the condition describes as spondylolisthesis. This requires fusion surgery to repair the spinal disorder.
  • Joint Replacement (partial, total, and revision) — this type of surgery is made to remove damaged or arthritic joint and replaced by an artificial joint which is called prosthesis.
  • Arthroscopy — it is a surgical process to look into the joint. The orthopaedic surgeon inserts a tiny device through a small incision that is made in the patient’s skin. The device contains light to illuminate the insight and small lens magnifies the joint insight to see. A television camera is attached to the arthroscope to display the internal image into the screen to help the surgeon to see the cartilage, ligament, muscles etc.

What should you expect visiting an orthopaedic surgeon?

Visiting the best orthopaedic surgeon, you can examine your problem which may follow x-ray, different blood test or any other images that are necessary for you to be decided by the surgeon for diagnosis to enable him to choose the right treatment for you.